Roman Chamomile (Anthemis Nobilis) is a small perennial herb that grows up to 25cm in height, with feathery leaves and daisy-like flowers. Indigenous to most of Europe, Roman Chamomile is now widely cultivated and used extensively in antiseptic ointments, tonic preparations, cosmetics, soaps, detergents, high class perfumes and a number of beverages.
The oil, which has a middle keynote, is extracted from the flowers by steam distillation. A member of the Asteraceae family, Roman Chamomile has been used for over 2000 years for its pronounced effect on the mind, nervous and urinary system.
Angelic acid esters, azulene, cineol, coumarin, farnesol, nerolidol, pinene, pinocarvone, tiglic acid esters.
Body systems affected:
Digestive, intestinal, immune, nervous, urinary, glandular, structural, skin.
Main therapeutic properties:
Antidepressant, antiphlogistic [counteracts inflammation], antiseptic (urinary) antispasmodic, carminative, cicatrisant [promotes healing by formation of scar tissue], depurative [purifies blood], diaphoretic, digestive, diuretic, emmenagogue, febrifuge, hepatic, nervine, sedative, stimulant (urinary), stomachic, sudorific, vulnerary.
Secondary therapeutic properties:
Analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-neuralgic, anti-rheumatic, bactericidal, vermifuge [expels worms].
Main therapeutic use:
Abdominal pain, abscess, acidity, acne, amenorrhoea, anorexia, boils, colic, colitis, cuts and sores, cystitis, dermatitis, digestive disorders, dry skin conditions, dysmenorrhoea, eczema, exfoliation, fevers, headaches, hysteria, insect bites, insomnia, menopausal problems, menstrual problems, migraine, nausea, nervous tension, period pains, rashes, sensitive skin conditions, stings and bites, stomach cramps, stress related conditions, vertigo.
Secondary therapeutic use:
Anaemia, arthritis, asthma, coughs, ear infections, endometriosis, gout, inflamed joints, muscular aches and pains, neuralgia, sprains, swollen joints, toothache.
Bergamot, clary sage, geranium, jasmine, lavender, neroli, patchouli, rose, vetiver, ylang ylang.
Patricia Davies in Aromatherapy: An A-Z and Chrissie Wildwood in Aromatherapy in Essence write that the oil should be avoid during the first three months of pregnancy.
Aromatherapy blends using Roman Chamomile
To relieve sprains
Use a cold compress with 4 drops Roman Chamomile